Khan al Ahmar

The West Bank Palestinian village of Khan al Ahmar, home to 32 families (about 173 people, including 92 minors), is at imminent risk of demolition. The village is located near Jerusalem, between the Israeli settlement of Ma’ale Adumim and one of its elite suburbs, Kfar Adumim. It is one of several Palestinian communities facing forced relocation because it falls within the “E1” plan that would link the Israeli settlements with West Jerusalem (cutting East Jerusalem off from the rest of the West Bank).  

The reason demolition orders are issued to Khan al Ahmar is that they do not have ICA-issued building permits for their structures. When they applied for building permits they were told that permits cannot be issued because the village does not have a master zoning plan. When they filed a professionally-developed master plan in 2014, it was rejected due to questions about land ownership. About a month later, the village submitted five alternative master plans. These have not yet been reviewed.

The community’s existence poses an obstacle to the expansion and annexation of the Israeli settlement of Ma’ale Adumim and its suburbs, which is the underlying reason its master plan was not approved.

In a letter addressed to Prime Minister Netanyahu and Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman, among others, B’Tselem Executive Director Hagai El-Ad warns that forcible transfer of a civilian population in an occupied territory is a war crime.

Key dates and legal details

  • On March 2nd, 2017, the village of Khan al Ahmar was issued stop-work orders, demanding they stop all construction.
  • On March 2nd, 2017 Adv. Shlomo Lecker, the Israeli lawyer representing Khan Al Ahmar, filed an emergency petition requesting an injunction against demolition from the High Court of Israel. In a breach of procedure, Justice Noam Sohlberg, the judge on duty at Israel’s High Court, did not reply for almost two weeks. As a result of Justice Sohlberg’s failure to issue the requested injunction in a timely manner, placing Khan al Ahmar at risk of demolition before their appeal is heard by Israel’s High Court.
  • Each and every structure in Khan al Ahmar was placed under demolition orders on March 5th, 2017. 44 separate orders were issued to the village's 169 structures - including their school, clinic, mosque, and all residences - escalating the stop-work orders.
  • The entire village had been placed under demolition orders previously, but had been granted an injunction against demolition by the Israeli High Court pending a plan by the State of Israel as to where these villagers would be moved. The new demolition orders issued on March 5th were an attempt to circumvent the injunction.
  • The village was given seven days to demolish their own community, brick-by-brick, including their homes, school, mosque, and medical clinic.
  • On March 13th, a preliminary injunction against demolition was issued to Khan al Ahmar. This informal order was meant to protect the village at least until March 30th, when the State was supposed to give its official position on the village. 
  • The Government of Israel delayed its pronouncement until September 24th, 2017, at which point it submitted its position to the High Court, asking that plans be approved to demolish the entire village by mid-2018 and forcibly relocate its residents to the town of Abu Dis. 
    • The Israeli government proposed moving the residents of Khan al Ahmar to Nuwei’ma, near Jericho. They rejected this plan, which would place them in close proximity with an Israeli settlement, as well as an IDF camp, and provide no land for their sheep and goats. Then, the Israeli government proposed forcibly transferring the residents to a town called Abu Dis.  
  • On Monday, September 25th, the High Court announced a postponement for a decision to be made on this case until April 2018.
  • The Court is considering two petitions: one from a settler group demanding that the village be evacuated, and one from Khan al Ahmar residents, pleading for their village to remain standing. Human rights groups have stated that the execution of these plans would legally be tantamount to a war crime.
  • The Government of Israel submitted its position on October 25th, 2017, stating that the population of Khan al Ahmar must be forcibly transferred to Jabal West. 
  • On November 15th, 2017, Adv. Lecker submitted his response to the High Court, which included two petitions:
    • an explanation of why relocating the population of Khan al Ahmar to Jabal West is unacceptable
    • an explanation of how the demolition of the community's school (which is the only school in the area and educates 140 students) will affect four other communities in the area.
  • The Government of Israel was supposed to respond to the petitions on January 11th, 2018, but delayed its response. Once their response is issued, the High Court will set a date for the hearing, which will last between two and three hours. Following the hearing, the Court will issue a verdict immediately. 

About Khan al Ahmar

  • Khan al Ahmar is a Palestinian Bedouin village, inhabited by the Jahalin tribe, located in Area C of the West Bank, between the Israeli settlement of Ma’ale Adumim and one of its elite suburbs, Kfar Adumim. This places it within the E1 plan that would cut off Palestinian access to Jerusalem.
  • The residents of Khan al Ahmar were forcibly relocated from the village of Tel Arad in Israel’s Negev Desert in 1951. They leased the land that they now live on from a private Palestinian landowner in Anata until it was expropriated and declared State land in 1975, zoned for the establishment of an industrial zone and later for the settlement of Ma’ale Adumim.
  • There are approximately 32 families (173 individuals; 92 of them minors) that call Khan al Ahmar home.
  • The village’s extraordinary elementary school was built in 2009 by an Italian organization, Venti di Terra. It was constructed using tires and mud. It currently serves 174 students from Khan al Ahmar and the neighboring area.  Construction of the local school made education accessible for many children, especially girls, as parents previously had felt it too dangerous to allow their children to cross the highway on foot to reach distant schools.

About Area C and the Master Planning Process

  • The Olso Accords split the West Bank into Areas A, B, and C. Area C is temporarily administered by the Israeli Civil Administration (the bureaucratic arm of Israeli Army) but, per the Oslo Accords, the administration of land was to have transferred back to Palestinian control within 18 months after the formation of the Palestinian Legislative Council.
  • Most of Area C is zoned for Israeli use, and over 400,000 Israelis live in about 130 separate settlements, although this is against international laws of military occupation.
  • Palestinian communities’ master plans must be approved by the Israeli Civil Administration, or they are at risk of demolition. 108 technically-sound plans have been professionally developed and submitted to the ICA since 2011, but only three have been approved.
  • Plans are rejected for spurious reasons, like the assertion that infrastructure will be impossible to implement. This is baseless, as Israeli settlements enjoy well-developed modern infrastructure.

Serious Escalation in the Demolition of Palestinian Homes

  • Israel has aggressively escalated the demolition of Palestinian homes, barns, and wells.  According to the U.N. Office of Coordination for Humanitarian Affairs, there has been over a 50% increase in the rate of demolitions in January 2017 (140 structures demolished) compared with January 2016 (91 structures). There were more demolitions in 2016 than any year since 1967.
  • There is a 12 Km. swath of land between the settlement of Ma’ale Adumim and Jerusalem deemed East 1, or E1, by the Israeli government. The slated annexation of E1 makes the two-state solution next to impossible as its annexation would cut East Jerusalem off from the rest of the West Bank and thereby preclude the possibility of a future contiguous Palestinian state.
  • E1 is mostly inhabited by Bedouin, who make their living by herding livestock. 

Relevant legislation

  • Annexation: According to the Times of Israel, at the request of President Trump’s administration, a bill to unilaterally annex Ma’ale Adumim and the surrounding area has been postponed — but Khan al Ahmar and the many other villages within that annexation footprint still face the very real threat of demolition.
  • Emboldened by the new US administration, the Israeli settler movement pushed through a radical new law on February 6, 2017 now referred to as the ‘Regulation Law’.  The Knesset passed legislation that allows for the seizure of private Palestinian property, in an effort to retroactively legalize settlements built on stolen land.
  • The question of jurisdiction is key here. The reason this law is so dangerous is that by taking this action, the Knesset has asserted control over land for which they have no jurisdiction. By international law, only Israel’s military can administer occupied land. When the Knesset passed this bill, they asserted de facto annexation.
  • Many express concern that because this law directly violates the Fourth Geneva Convention, it will be grounds for a case against Israel in The Hague. 

What we are asking you to do

  • So far, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, EU, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK and UN (OCHA, OHCHR, UNRWA and UNSCO) have all sent their top representatives – Consuls General and Representatives – to visit Khan al Ahmar in a show of solidarity.
  • Members of Congress are uniquely able to get the attention of the Government of Israel.  We’ve found that when Senate and House offices call the Israeli Embassy and the U.S. State Department, they keep villages standing. 
  • This was true for Al Aqaba village, where Rebuilding Alliance helped build their kindergarten, and also for Susiya and Umm Al Kheir. We now ask your help to keep Khan al Ahmar standing too